Barana Tajhiz Hoshmand | BTH

 

Iran's key role in the Middle East is undeniable, and this great and central position in the region is due to Iran's specific geopolitical situation that is very rare. Iran is located in the strategic region of the Middle East and as a bridge has connected Asia, Europe and Africa continents.

According to official statistics, Iran’s fire safety systems market was worth $500 million in 2015. There are a number of reasons that Iran can play a crucial role in the Fire Protection System (FPS) market in the Middle East. These factors include: area, population, Oil and gas reserves, a high economic growth, a high capacity for electricity production, bordering all the northern coast of the Persian Gulf and all the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, potential in the areas of tourism and health tourism, and increasing development project.

  • • Area

Iran's area is 1,629,807 square kilometers, making it the world's eighteenth largest country. This figure is greater than the combined area of six European countries (Germany, France, England, Italy, Netherlands and Belgium). It’s the second largest country in West Asia after Saudi Arabia. Iran is three and a half times and two and a half times larger than Iraq and Afghanistan respectively, and it is approximately also as big as the sum total of areas of Pakistan and Turkey.

  • • Population

The Middle East has a population of about 410 million, according to available statistics, and average population growth rate is %2.1 in this region. Based on the latest official statistics provided by the Statistical Center of Iran in December 2015, Iran is the Middle East’s second populous country after Egypt with 78.8 million inhabitants, while some countries such as Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait have a population of less than a million and most countries like Oman, United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Iraq have a population between one to ten million.

  • • Oil and gas reserves

The third reason that makes Iran important in the FPS market is the existence of oil and gas reserves in this country and their global and vital importance. British Petroleum CO, one of the world's leading integrated oil and gas companies, has released its sixty-fifth report called "Statistical review of World Energy 2016". BP's reports are one of the most important reports in the field of energy in the world that has been published yearly since 1960.

 

Based on the latest estimates of this English company, Iran's oil reserves have been estimated about 157/3 billion barrels, ie 3.9% of the world's reserves. Hence, Iran takes the fourth place in the world and the second place after Saudi Arabia in the Middle East in terms of oil reserves. Iran also has the biggest gas reserves in the world with having 18/2 % of world's gas reserves (34 trillion cubic meters). It should also be mentioned that Iran has the largest sum total oil and gas reserves.

The Islamic Republic of Iran has 17 oil and gas refineries and 72 petrochemical complexes, and considering having abundant reserves of oil and gas it is building 7 oil refineries and 70 petrochemical complexes. On the other hand regarding potential oil reserves in the Caspian Sea the importance of Iran in FPS market increases.

  • • A high economic growth

In its June 2016 Global Economic Prospects report, the World Bank (WB) has suggested that Iran's GDP would stand at 4.9 in 2017 and 4.4 in 2016. In the Islamic Republic of Iran, the combination of low oil prices and uncertainty surrounding the timeline for the lifting of sanctions slowed growth significantly, the report suggested.

According to the report, growth in the Middle East and North Africa was an estimated 2.6 percent in 2015, slightly down from 2.9 percent in 2014 and broadly in line with January estimates.The report further added that the easing of sanctions has opened Iran to international trade and investment.

  • • A high capacity for electricity production

Iran generating 72.000 MW electricity stands first in the Middle East and 14th in the world in terms of producing electricity. Currently, there are 91 fossil-fuel power plants, 52 hydroelectric power plants, 1 geothermal power plant, 3 nuclear power plants, and 5 solar thermal power plants. 20 fossil-fuel power plants, 8 hydroelectric power plants and 1 solar thermal power plant are under construction and 27 hydroelectric power plants were proposed.

It should be noted that Iran plans to build more than 800 power plants in the next 20 years in an attempt to increase the country’s current installed power capacity from 75,000 megawatts to 100,000 megawatts.

  • • Bordering all the northern coast of the Persian Gulf and all the southern coast of the Caspian sea

Iran has a 630 kilometer long sea border in the north at the Caspian, the world's largest lake, and another 1880 kilometer long sea border in the south at the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman. Actually, Iran has the longest common water border with the Persian Gulf. In other words, Iran's the south borders, from Khoramshahr city to the Straits of Hormuz (1290 kilometers), stretch all the northern coast of the Persian Gulf. This proximity always has advantages for Iran and this point has created a top and strategic position for Iran. Persian Gulf is one of the rare places in the world which has special features. Very special geographical location, commercial and cruising waterways, oil reserves are the most important the Persian Gulf's advantages. Currently, there are 11 ports, of which 4 ports have development projects that are running.

  • • Potential Tourism

In the tourism sector, Iran has the potential and the necessary capacity of being one of top countries worldwide. Iran with regard to having more than 10000 years of history and civilization has plenty of sites, monuments, and historic and cultural places, so it can be claimed that it's a great museum that attracts many numbers of visitors and tourists from all over the world. Iran is also one of the few countries in the world in which you can see four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter at the same time.

Based on Mohammad Ali Najafi, the head of Cultural Heritage Organization in 1392, Iran is the tenth country in terms of the potential cultural tourism and the fifth country in terms of the potential nature tourism in the world.

Due to the formation of a new phase of tourism relations between Iran and Europe, European countries is taking the opportunity to invest in Iran's tourism market. Therefore, it is predicted that a massive investment will be made over the next few years in tourism infrastructure such as airports, hotels etc. Iran already has 105 airports and 5 new airports are under construction. It should be noted that the study plan of one airport is undertaking.

 on average, the number of foreign tourists in the first six months of this year has increased 35%  compared to the same period last year, and the number of European people who have come to Iran with a tour has increased 205%  compared to the same period last year. It seems that this is the result of the government's new approach to international relations. In Iran, there are 1261 hotels, of which only 107 ones are Four- and Five-star. Iran is going to triple the number of Four- and Five-star hotels by next 10 years, and therefore it should be built 25 to 30 new hotels per year.

 

  • • Potential Health Tourism

Health tourism is rapidly becoming worldwide. Iran has a high potential for this industry .The unique combination of experience, facilities and natural resources is the key to success of the Iranian health care system.

Iran offers a wide range of state of the art treatment, through an extensive network of highly equipped hospitals, around 907 hospitals, and rehabilitation centers at reasonable costs. An analysis of the costs of the various procedures shows that treatment costs in Iran are much lower as compared to the developed countries. Iran is also very cost competitive as compared to its regional competitors, including Turkey, UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Bahrain as well as southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, and India. Iran has a unique combination of healthy and pleasant climate, wonderful scenery, magnificent historical and cultural monuments as well as cutting edge technology and sophisticated medical equipment.

 

It is clear that health tourism industry should have all necessary factors such as the provision of medical services, tourism attractions and travel, establishment of government relationships and so on. As it turns Iran has been assembling the various factor inputs necessary for thriving medical tourism cluster. Such factors can be broadly classified as: suitable infrastructure, nice environment, people and culture, and government’s key policy.

In this regard, Iran is building 100 new hospitals, of which 40 ones are going to complete by 2017.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of 2000, Iran ranks 58 in health care and 93 in health-system performance. As we know it today, Iran was known as a destination for treatment of Muslims, attracting thousands of visitors from Persian Gulf countries.

Although the exact number of foreign patients treated in Iran is not available, it seems that approximately 40,000 tourists from Muslim countries such as Iraq, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Oman, Afghanistan, etc., travel to Iran in order to treat while our country has the capacity to accept 100,000 health tourists per year.

  • • Increasing development projects

Iran was under a lot of sanctions for many years. Fortunately most of those sanctions were lift, and Iran's economic conditions have improved in the last couple of years, so it is noticed some improvement in construction industry in Iran. Currently, 156 big projects in the fields of sport, education and health care are under construction in Iran and it is anticipated that this figure will has increased substantially in the coming years. Also about 50,000 building permits has been issued for 4-story or more buildings in the past one and a half years. Considering the transition from recession to growth in construction industry, it is expected that about 100,000 building permits will be issued for 4-story or more buildings in the next one and a half years.

One of the significant issues is that lifting international sanctions has enabled foreign investors to gain entry into Iran's markets. Undoubtedly,   achieving   sustained   and   long term economic growth  in  each  country  is  possible  with  the sources  of  funding  optimal  mobilization  in  the  country's economy and one of the ways to mobilize resources is also the use of foreign investment, and using these resources we can achieve  economic  growth  and  development during an appropriate and systematic planning. Foreign direct investment could provide economic growth through transferring appropriate technology and training manpower, as well as increasing productivity and domestic investment. So it can result in an increase in development projects in Iran.

Table2: Iran's target markets in the field of FPS

Description

Under construction or proposed

In service

Target Markets

Item

-

7

17

refineries

1

-

70

72

petrochemical complex

2

Building more than 800 power plants in the next 20 years.

56

152

Power plants

3

Having 4 development projects in ports.

0

11

ports

4

-

6

105

airports

5

Building at least 250 Four- and Five-star hotels in the next ten years.

unavailable

1261

hotels

6

-

100

907

hospitals

7

Building 100000 four stories or more buildings in the next one and a half years

50000

-

4-story or more buildings

8

 

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